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Founded in the sixteenth century, the city of Penedo is the most important of the lower Sâo Francisco, located 42 km from its mouth. In 1637, the Dutch invaded the village of Penedo because of its strategic location at the mouth of the river, where they built Fort Mauritius, named after Maurice of Nassau. The Dutch rule remained strong until 1645, when the Portuguese retook the region.
Its economy comes from the primary activity, with coconut, rice, fishing and sugar cane.
The estimated population in 2004 was 59,429 inhabitants.

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Additional Photos by Leonor Kuhn (leonorkuhn) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3173 W: 205 N: 3259] (16237)
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