Photographer's Note

Mark Twain's facetious description of Nature's remarkable Mono Lake area scenery, was made before the Lake's fascinating Tufa towers were visible.

"Tufa is essentially common limestone. What is uncommon about this limestone is the way it forms. Underwater springs rich in calcium mix with lake water rich in carbonates (the stuff in baking soda). As the calcium comes in contact with carbonates in the lake, a chemical reaction occurs resulting in 'calcium carbonate limestone'. This mixture settles out of a solution as a solid around the springs, and over the course of decades to centuries, a Tufa tower will grow. Tufa towers grow exclusively underwater, some to heights over 30 feet. The reason visitors see so much Tufa around Mono Lake today is because the Lake level fell dramatically after the City of Los Angeles started water diversions in 1941, via a aqueduct for their thirsty city."
----- reference:

The water battles between the Eastern Sierra inhabitants and the City of Los Angeles started in 1913. The flick 'Chinatown' starring Jack Nicholson is a blend of history and fiction about the water war.

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Additional Photos by Ray Anderson (photoray) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 1203 W: 1 N: 3169] (13981)
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