Photographer's Note


Tuluum or Tulum was a walled city of the Maya empire located in the State of Quintana Roo, southeastern Mexico, the Caribbean coast. It is now a major tourist attraction on the Riviera Maya and beside it lies the modern town of the same name, Tulum. The Mayan city is located within the National Park Tulum.

The city received in ancient Mayan name of Zama (meaning dawn or morning in Maya) and the present, Tulum (meaning in Maya palisade or wall, this name seems to have been used to refer to the city when it was already in ruins), refers to the wall that surrounded it, constituted an important strong for his defense. For the many records in murals and other works found in the buildings of the city, the idea is that Tulum was an important center of worship for so-called descending god.

Although inscriptions have been found dating from 564, most of the buildings that are seen today were built in the post classic period of Mayan civilization, between 1200 and 1450. The city was still inhabited in the early years of the Spanish colony but in the late sixteenth century were no longer residents.

Until the early twentieth century some nearby villages used to visit the site to bring gifts but the continued flow of tourists made the practice obsolete.

Some frescoes found inside buildings suggest some Mixtec influence in the community.

Tulum is located inside the national park namesake, which was designated as such on 23 April 1981. Suhúmedo warm climates and altitudes under 100 meters for its coastal character. Of forests and deteriorating, may be emphasized Chaca (Bursera simaruba), the sapodilla (Sapodilla), the red suit or logwood (Haematoxylum campechianum), the Chechen (Metopium brownei) and the chit palm (Thrinax radiata). The mangrove ecosystem type is composed mainly of red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle). The fauna is predominated by pieces of duck (Anas clypeata), swallows fulva (Hirundo fulva), or sandpipers pectoral sandpipers pechirrayados (Calidris melanotos), spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi), common snipe (Gallinago gallinago), howler (Alouatta pigra ), anteaters (Tamandua mexicana), armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus), squirrels (Sciurus yucatanensis) or gophers (Orthogeomys hispidus).

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Additional Photos by Ricardo Tames Vargas (RII) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 75 W: 0 N: 97] (379)
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