Photographer's Note

Anıtkabir is the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the leader of Turkish War of Independence and the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey.

It is located in Ankara, Anıttepe quarter. It was designed by architects Professor Emin Onat and Assistant Professor Orhan Arda, who won the competition held by the Turkish Government in 1941 for a "monumental mausoleum" for Atatürk out of a total of 45 international proposals.

The Mausoleum
The most prominent part of Anıtkabir is The Mausoleum. The dais for the speakers are positioned in the centre of the 42 step ground stairs leading up to The Mausoleum. In front of this marble dais, which is facing the ceremonial ground and decorated with circular geometric patterns, Atatürk's saying "Sovereignty unconditionally belongs to the nation." are inscribed.

The Mausoleum with the dimensions 75 x 52 x 17 m. has a rectangular plan and is surrounded by 8 columns at the front and near facades, and 14 columns at the sides, each one is 14.40 m. high.

The grave room is situated right under the symbolic tomb stone placed in the first floor of The Mausoleum, and Atatürk's corpse is buried in the ground floor of The Mausoleum. It has an octagonal plan in Seljuk and Ottoman architectural styles, and its pyramidal ceiling is decorated with mosaics in geometrical patterns. Floor and walls are paved and clad with red, black and white marbles. In the middle of the grave room is the marble sarcophagus aligned towards the south, in the direction of Mecca. Brass cups containing soil from all provinces of Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus are placed around the marble sarcophagus.

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Additional Photos by Selen Ediger (SelenE) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 131 W: 11 N: 330] (1276)
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