Photographer's Note

A shot from the North Thermal Baths in Allianoi.

Allianoi is located to the northeast of the Administritive district of Bergama (ancient Pergamon) in İzmir, on the 18th kilometer of the Bergama-İvrindi Motorway, right in the midst of the Yortanlı Dam Reservoir Area, at the Paşa Ilıcası (Pasha’s Baths) Location. Since 1998 salvage excavations continue in the area within the Dam Reservoir taking Paşa Ilıcası as the center point. The roads to connect the Dam with its vicinity are still under construction. If the project is realized as it is, the day the dam starts to collect water, Allianoi will totally be inundated.

Thermal Baths (2 nd c. AD): Allianoi was founded because of the hot springs of high chemical value. The hot spring is about 45-50 ˚C and after scientific analyses its healing effect has been credited. The Bath Complex is located at the north and south banks of the İlya Creek, in an area of approximately 9700 square meters. The excavation is focused mainly on the thermal baths section. In order to control the İlya Creek, the coarse of the water was changed by a vaulted tunnel in the Roman Period, thus the creek passed from the middle part of the bath complex. Until today the frigidarium, tepidarium, caldarium, apodyterion and criptoporticus were unearthed. The part where the criptoporticus is located forms the northern borders of the edifice and must be three-storied. In the researches conducted until present day, it is almost certain that this complex is one of the largest thermal baths in Western Asia Minor. The bath complex (Ilıca) is from the Roman Imperial Period.

Ottoman Period: The settlement was named as Paşa Ilıcası (The Thermal Baths of the Pasha) in the Ottoman Period. It is mentioned in the yearbooks of Aydın, but has not been used intensively. There are no traces from this period except of a few pieces of coins. At the beginning of the 20 th century, the governor of the region, Kemal Bey, helped in re-functioning the Bath Complex, and the big pool section was in use once more.

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Additional Photos by Selen Ediger (SelenE) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 131 W: 11 N: 330] (1276)
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