Photographer's Note

Bahchisaray is situated 25 km south from Simferopol. Both towns are connected with a good highway as well as a railway for trains and electric trains. The most popular point of interest of the town is the former Khan Palace - the architectural memorial of the 16-18th centuries. There are expositions of historical and archaeological departments of Bahchisaray historical museum in the Palace and adjacent Big khan mosque.
In the one-time khan palace you can get acquainted with the history of the Crimean Khanate, find out about the struggle of Russian and Ukrainian people against Tatar and Turkish conquerors, about the struggle of Russian nation for the way through the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. You can find out of the unification of Crimea to Russia.
The Khan Palace has been built and re-built during three centuries from the 16th to 18th centuries. You can judge of the original appearance of the palace from the small number of erections of early construction period: Demir-Kapu (Iron Door), Counsil and Judgement Hall, Small Palace Mosque. Other buildings of the Palace reached present time either distorted because of repairing, rebuilding, restoration or were erected later.
Acquaintance with the Palace starts with sightseeing of the Iron Door of Demir-Kapu, called Aleviz Portal as well. This is the earliest part of the Palace and is dated 1503. Khan and his confidants discussed internal business affairs, elaborated plans of predatory raids onto neighbouring lands, tried famous prisoners in the Counsil and Judgement Hall.
The Counsil and Judgement Hall is dark evey during summer sunny days. There is the Basin Garden near it. A lot of sunshine, many flowers, grapes, twining along a high stone wall, a cascade fountain, a basin with water and red fishes - everything here captures visitors of the Palace. On we go from the Basin Garden into the Summer Pergola which was a place of rest for Khan and his confidants. Close to the Summer Pergola there is a Small Palace Mosque and the Fountain Yard. There are two fountains in the yard: the Golden one and the Fountain of Tears - a unique architectural memorial of small size, glorified by Alexander Pushkin and Adam Mitskevich. The Fountain of Tears was made in 1764 in accordance with the order of Khan Krim-Gyrei as a memory of his early departed wife Dilare-Bikech.
From the Fountain Yard you can go to the internal garden fenced in high stone wall. There is a Harem building in the garden. So far the inspection of the expositions of the first floor of the palace is finished. Of all the rooms of the second floor the most interesting are the Coffee Room and the Ambassadorial Hall, the Fruit Pergola as well as the Heir's room and the dining hall where there is an exposition dedicated to the stay of Alexander Pushkin in Crimea in 1820.

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