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Funchal (pronounced [fũˈʃaɫˤ]), population 100,526, is the capital of the Madeira Islands of Portugal.
Funchal is also the largest city on the islands and with its neighbouring boroughs has over 150,000 inhabitants.

Madeira's capital for more than five centuries, Funchal is said to have been named as such because of the abundance of fennel (funcho - in Portuguese) that was growing there.

On 1419 two captains of Prince Henry the Navigator, João Gonçalves Zarco and Tristão Vaz Teixeira, were driven by a storm to the island they named Porto Santo. They gave this name (meaning Holy Harbour) in gratitude for their rescue from shipwreck.
The next year an expedition was sent to populate the island, in which the two captains, together with captain Bartolomeu Perestrello, took possession of the islands on behalf of the Portuguese crown.
The islands started to be settled circa 1420 or 1425. In September 23, 1433, the name Ilha da Madeira (Madeira Island or "island of the wood") appears in a map, by the first time, in a document.

Funchal it was founded by João Gonçalves Zarco in 1421 and was elevated to city status by King Manuel I of Portugal in 1508.
In the 16th century Funchal was important as a stopping place between the Indies and the New World, and was known as a wealthy place. It was also the port for Madeiran sugar and wine.

Model: NIKON D40
Software: Capture NX 1.0.0 W
Exposure Time: 25/10000 sec
F-Stop: f/10.0
ISO:200
Speed Ratings: 200
Focal Length: 18/1 mm
Date Taken: 2008-07-12 11:11
Metering Mode: Pattern
File Size: 185

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Additional Photos by Paolo Motta (Paolo) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3739 W: 144 N: 8840] (41258)
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