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One more photo from the Krya Springs in Leivadia town. Here you can see one of the many stone bridges of Erkyna river, dating back from the Ottoman Era. This particular one, leads to the springs "belonging" to the Trofonion Oracle or Oracle of Trofonios Zeus, known as springs of Forgetfullness and Rememberance.

Probably you can see behind the bridge, some "holes" on the rocks (for a better look, CHECK HERE) where in the ancient years stood statues of the Gods. Trofonion Oracle, was the most "peculiar" Oracle of Ancient Greece. The oracle was given by the "spirit" of a "hero" (Trofonios). There were other Hero-oracles ("Ηρωομαντεία"= "Iroomantia") in ancient Greece, but here ends any similarity of this Oracle with any other.

First of all, the main part of the Oracle, was inside a cave, it was underground. Underground oracles could be found in Ancient Greece, only before the religion of the 12 gods of Olympus, at an early era, when Gaia ("Γαία"="Γη"= Earth) was the main deity. The only underground Oracle during the Era of the Olympian Gods, was the Trofonion. The other main diference, is that in Trofonion Oracle, there was no need for "Mediums", such as Pythia or Sivylla, in the Delfoi Oracle, or any priest to interpret god's messages as in Dodoni Oracle. Here, the one that asked for the oracle, was hearing the "spirit" talking, or was seeing visions inside the cave, where he stayed alone in complete darkness for several hours, even days.

Before entering the cave, he should preper (purify) himseld for many days, staying by the springs and river Erkyna, making sacrifices to the Gods. The last night before entering the cave, you took a bath in the Spring of Forgetfulness (to forget all the "burden" he carried with him) and another bath, in the spring of Rememberance (so he could remember what he would hear or see inside the cave).

The oracle was highly "confidential" and the man when he came out of the cave, could only tell it to the priests waiting for him, and helping him "recover". It seems that staying in the cave was a rather traumatic experience, the man who had asked for the oracle, felt something like a heavy depresion, and was losing his ability to speak or laugh for a large period of time. There was an expression in Ancient Greek for someone who looked very melancholic, saying, that he probably had visited the Trofonion Oracle («εκ Τροφωνίου μεμάντευται»).

***MORE PHOTOS FROM LIVADIA AND AROUND***

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Additional Photos by Hercules Milas (Cretense) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5327 W: 74 N: 16998] (68709)
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