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Photographer's Note

Some days ago I visited same caves situated near the small village Erdbach about 40 km southeast of my city, Siegen. Erdbach is situated at the eastern part of the low mountain range Westerwald and here limestone deposits of very different geological epochs are to be found. These deposits here in Erdbach for geologists obviously are very interesting and so a part of the lower Carboniferous here in Europe was named "Erdbachium" (about 300 million years ago). Around Erdbach there are several Karst caves. The brook in this valley, the Erdbach, disappeares in a cave and it appears after 1,4 kilometers and about 14 (up to 30) hours of subterrestrial passage as a big source - which actually of course isn't one.

Near Erdbach in the forest of a hidden side valley there are two caves, partly half opened by erosion, where sepultures of the Hallstatt culture (~550 B.C.) have been found. Among other things human bones, a neck ring and a whistle made out of bone were found here - today exhibited in the Hessian state museum in Wiesbaden. Whether these caves have been dwellings in the past still is uncertain.

My photo shows a view of the entrance area of the bigger cave (in German: Große Steinkammer) there. As you can see there is still enough daylight for the growth of moss.
In the workshop you can see pictures of the smaller cave (Kleine Steinkammer) which has two accesses. I think the colours and shades of the limestone are amazing - emphasized by the photoflash.

saxo042, snunney, buscape, Uhu, Jakab, holmertz has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by Frank Kaiser (Buin) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4253 W: 48 N: 10771] (42580)
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