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Photographer's Note

November 4, 2007
Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon 120220 12230
Aveyron Midi-Pyrénées
43.983 3.133 600 m

Ramparts of Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon XVème century, Commanderie of the Knights of the Order of the Temple then of the Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem.

Ramparts and gate, East side, XVème century.

Round tower, known as Tower of Touat of Marie, 20 m in height, 15th siécle.
Ramparts, 15éme century, to which houses since 1793 are leaned.
Square tower and gate, known as Tower of Alliance, 20 m in height, 15th century.
Round tower, 16 m in height, 15th century

Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon is a French commune, located in the department of Aveyron and the Midi-Pyrénées area. It is populated of 221 Saint-Eulaliens distributed out of 46 km² is 4 hab/km².

From the gift of King d' Aragon, town of Sainte-Eulalie with Elie de Montbrun and grounds surrounding it in 1158, Templiers built a large and one of the most powerful commandery of the south of France which will take part in the financing of the activities of Templiers in Palestine. It structured the Larzac while melting of other places on the Causse, of which the Village of Couvertoirade.
In 1312 the goods of Templiers are allotted to Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem.
From 1442 to 1450, the ramparts are built to be protected from the hostile close lords.
In 1575, the Protestants plundered the city which will be arranged then in a less austere style under the influence of the Renaissance.
The French revolution, will disperse the goods of Commanderie.
Since the years 1970, the whole has been joined together, restored and emphasized again.

Knights of the Order of the Temple, Templiers.
In 1119, Hugues de Payns, knight originating in Champagne, melt a militia which will become the "Knights of the Order of the Temple". Monks, knights, monks and soldiers, Templiers will defend Jerusalem, and the pilgrims going on the tomb of Christ.
In 1312, the order is dissolved, and after a lawsuit, the large Master Jacques de Molay and other Templiers are sharp flarings on roughing-hew it.

Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem
Before the first crusade, a hospital is founded in Jerusalem close of the Holy Sepulchre for the Western pilgrims, other Hospitals are create in the wearing of loading Italian and Provencaux. In 1113, the Hospital of Midsummer's Day of Jerusalem is recognized like an independent hospital order.
In 1140, the Order of the Hospital becomes in military order, with néanmmoins vocation of charity and defenders of Christendom.
In 1291, following the fall of Midsummer's Day d' Acre, the Knights Templar are folded up in Cyprus, then in Rhodos.
In 1312, the goods of Templiers, after their dissolution, are allotted to the Hospital ones.
In 1522, Turkish takes Rhodos.
In 1530, the emperor Charles Quint allots Malta to the Hospital ones. They since are called Sovereign Military Order of Malta or Knights of Malta .


Square tower
Round tower

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Additional Photos by joel berthonneau (jlbrthnn) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 7186 W: 0 N: 22963] (76041)
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