Photographer's Note

October 28, 2007
La Couvertoirade 120082 12230
Aveyron Midi-Pyrenees
43.917 3.317 785 m

South ramparts and gate of "Abal" of la Couvertoirade, built in XVème century by the Hospital ones of Saint-Jean of Jerusalem.

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La Couvertoirade is a French commune, located in the department of Aveyron and the Midday-Pyrenees area, populated of 153 Couvertoiradois distributed on 62 km², that is too say 2 hab/km².

On Causse of Larzac, a medieval village built at the 12th century by the Knights of the order of the Temple, in a strengthened enclosure built with the 15e century by the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem. The templiers, then the Hospital ones in 1312, practised the culture and the breeding there, providing provisioning for the war.

Knights of the Order of the Temple, Templiers.
In 1119, Hugues de Payns, knight originating in Champagne, melt a militia which will become the "Knights of the Order of the Temple". Monks, knights, monks and soldiers, Templiers will defend Jerusalem, and the pilgrims going on the tomb of Christ.
In 1312, the order is dissolved, and after a lawsuit, the large Master Jacques de Molay and other Templiers are sharp flarings on roughing-hew it.

Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem
Before the first crusade, a hospital is founded in Jerusalem close of the Holy Sepulchre for the Western pilgrims, other Hospitals are create in the wearing of loading Italian and Provencaux. In 1113, the Hospital of Midsummer's Day of Jerusalem is recognized like an independent hospital order.
In 1140, the Order of the Hospital becomes in military order, with néanmmoins vocation of charity and defenders of Christendom.
In 1291, following the fall of Saint-Jean d'Acre, the Templiers are folded up in Cyprus, then in Rhodos.
In 1312, the goods of Templiers, after their dissolution, are allotted to the Hospital ones.
In 1522, Turkish takes Rhodos.
In 1530, the emperor Charles Quint allots Malta to the Hospital ones. They since are called Sovereign Military Order of Malta or Knights of Malta .

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