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Hello friends and colleagues, today I offer a view of the city center of Salzburg with the castle in the background, I hope you like, then some letters about the city.

Salzburg (in German: Salzburg About this sound / zalt͡sbʊɐ̯k / (? · I), 'city / castle') is the fourth most populous city in Austria with 150,269 inhabitants (2012), capital of the federal state (Bundesland) of Salzburg and the homonymous region, one of the nine in which this country is divided. Its name comes from the barges that carried salt in century VIII and that they had to pay a tax, use very common in many rivers of Europe.

Salzburg is 150 km east of Munich, Germany, and 300 km west of Vienna. The town extends on both banks of the river Salzach, 25 km from the northern foothills of the Alps. The southern mountainous character of the Salzburg region contrasts with the gentle undulations of its northern part. The nearest alpine summit is the Untersberg (1,853 m), which is located only a few kilometers southwest of the city. The center of the city is surrounded by two rocky elevations, the Mönchsberg and the Kapuzinerberg, whose forests constitute the green lung of the city.

Traces of establishments dating back to very ancient times have been found. Particularly on the Rainberg hill there are indications of a continued occupation from the Neolithic period to the Roman conquest in the time of Emperor Augustus. On the hill of the castle and on the Kapuzinerberg have been discovered remains of fortifications of what in the Iron Age was in all probability the most important center of the Celtic people of the ambisontii.

The Romans grouped the small agricultural communities in a single city, Juvavum, in the year 15 a. C. It is probable that the name does not come from a Roman divinity, but was the adaptation of a previous Celtic name (Ivavavo). The city became municipium in 45 AD under Emperor Claudius (Municipium Claudium Juvavum), becoming one of the most important in the province of Noricum. The decline of Juvavum after the collapse of the Noricum frontier was very rapid, so that in the seventh century it was in a practically ruinous state.

Towards the year 700 San Ruperto founded a new population in the site of the old Roman Iuvavum, in its search to establish a basilica, and in 739 converted the population to a bishopric and in 798, Arno, in the seat of an archbishopric .

Salzburg was ruled by a Prince-Archbishop until the early nineteenth century. His last Prince-Archbishop was Hieronymus von Colloredo.
Source: Wikipedia.

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Additional Photos by angel cornejo (cornejo) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 5753 W: 5 N: 12577] (61504)
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