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Photographer's Note

Yesterday the Cidade Velha, in Santiago Island, Cape Verde was declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site [_*_].
The first name of Cidade Velha (Old City) was Ribeira Grande (Large River). It was the first city founded by the Europeans (Portuguese) in the tropical world. At the mouth of a river and lush valley in the southern part of Santiago Island, the Portuguese established in 1462 an entrepot for the slave trade. The mix between Portuguese and West Africans created here the unique Cape-Verdean creole people, therefore Cidade Velha is regarded the cradle of this creole nation.
In 1770 the capital of the colony of Cape Verde was moved to Praia city, 10,4 km (6.5 miles) to the east. The former capital, Ribeira Grande, became from then on known as Cidade Velha and it decayed.
In 2005 it was established the municipality of Ribeira Grande de Santiago, retrieving the former name of this town.
My picture shows the 16th century Pelourinho (pilory) on the main square of Cidade Velha. It is a major standing symbol of the old powers.
Location in WikiMapia: 14.9149859, -23.6050487.

Scan from a 1996 paper print.
Esta nota também está disponível em português.

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Additional Photos by Francisco Santos (xuaxo) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4896 W: 319 N: 4862] (6854)
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