Photographer's Note

Here we are under the arch of the Vauban tower in Pfaffenthal looking to the nearby church.

Very interesting this guy Vauban as I have seen his buildings and fortifications all over the South of France and now also in Luxembourg. He must have been close to hyperactive with all his construction work going on all over France and neighbooring countries.

some more of this guy:
Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban
(born May 15, 1633, Saint-Léger-de-Foucherest, France — died March 30, 1707, Paris) French military engineer. After fighting with the forces of the Condé family (1651 – 53), he switched to the royalist side and joined the newly formed engineer corps, becoming engineer in chief at the siege of Gravelines (1658). He designed fortifications for numerous French towns and outposts and devised tactics that led to many successes in the French wars of Louis XIV's reign; his innovations revolutionized the art of siege tactics and defensive fortification. He also introduced the tactic of ricochet gunfire and invented the socket bayonet. His treatises on fortification and siege-craft were studied for more than 100 years. He was made a marshal of France in 1703.
(ref. Britannica)

Even more of Vauban:
...Over the next few years Vauban supervised sieges of key locales, such as the 1684 siege of Luxembourg, for which he invented the cavalier, a tower that allowed French troops to look down and fire upon the besieged town. In 1687 he constructed the fortification at Landau in Bavaria, a structure so masterful in planning that military historians cite it as the apex of Vauban's career. In the War of the Grand Alliance, in which Louis XIV's France battled a trio of formidable powers-the Holy Roman Empire, the Netherlands, and England-Vauban served as a lieutenant general and took the vital town of Phillippsburg on the Rhine. That battle was also notable for Vauban's introduction of ricochet gunfire, in which he ordered cannons to be fired with less gunpowder so they did not immediately sink into the ground but instead hit a number of targets.

Another HDR from our TE Luxembourg gathering.

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Additional Photos by Jack R Johanson (jrj) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4529 W: 494 N: 7430] (34843)
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