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Pamplona, also known as Iruna, is the historical capital city of Navarre, in Spain, and of the former Kingdom of Navarre.

The city is famous worldwide for the running of the bulls during the San Fermín festival, which is held annually from July 6 to 14. This festival was brought to literary renown with the 1926 publication of Ernest Hemingway's novel The Sun Also Rises.

Pamplona is located in the middle of Navarre in a rounded valley, known as the Basin of Pamplona, that links the mountainous North with the Ebro valley. It is 92 kilometres (57 miles) from the city of San Sebastián, 117 kilometres (73 miles) from Bilbao, and 407 kilometres (253 miles) from Madrid.

The climate and landscape of the basin is a transition between those two main Navarrese geographical regions. Its central position at crossroads has served as a commercial link between those very different natural parts of Navarre.

Its history goes back to Roman times. In the winter of 75–74 BC, the area served as a camp for the Roman general Pompey in the war against Sertorius. He is considered to be the founder of Pompelo, "as if Pompeiopolis" in Strabo's words, which became Pamplona, in modern Spanish.

Actually it was the chief town of the Vascones, and they called it Iruña, 'the city'. Roman Pompaelo was located in the province of Hispania Tarraconensis, on the Ab Asturica Burdigalam, the road from Burdigala (modern Bordeaux) to Asturica (modern Astorga); it was a civitas stipendiaria in the jurisdiction of the conventus of Caesaraugusta (modern Zaragoza).

The centrepiece building in the composition is the City Hall in the historical centre of the city. It is built in Baroque style and dates back to the eighteenth century.

(Source: Wikipedia)

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Additional Photos by Stephen Nunney (snunney) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 9109 W: 63 N: 25619] (113721)
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