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Photographer's Note

Evidence of man's early inhabitation of the costal areas of the Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve is plentiful.

In Rooi-Els (Rooiels) and Masbaai, stone-packed fish-traps are still visible at low tide. Shell middens are found all along the coast, (75 in the village of Rooi Els alone). These piles of discarded abalone and alukricule shells and lobster mandibles are some two thousands years old. Some human burials have also been discovered, the bodies placed in sitting positions.

Eleven skeletal remains were found in the Rooi Els cave by an amateur enthusiast in 1921. Unfortunately these remains were removed and have subsequently disappeared.

Nomadic groups probably lived off the rich marine resources 100000 years ago. (Footprints near Saldanha, west of Cape Town, have been dated at 115 000 BC.) At Die Kelders, the University of Cape Town excavated the cave system and found evidence of fires about 80 000 years ago.

Middle stone-age people have left hand axes, scrapers, spear points and arrow-heads and shell ornaments in caves along the coast.

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Additional Photos by Alex Fan Moniz (LondonBoy) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 83 W: 0 N: 363] (1882)
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