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The battle for control of northern North America waged between France and Britain throughout much of the eighteenth century, with the region known as Acadia being heavily colonized by French-speaking immigrants who traded with the indigenous peoples of the area. Acadia comprised present day Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and eastern Maine. The fortress of Louisbourg located in Cape Breton became the dominant stronghold in defending New France. The well sheltered harbour made it difficult for any meandering British forces to capture the facility.

Control of the fortress vacillated however between the two countries, as Louisbourg was captured in 1745 by a New England force supported by British nabal vessles, only to be returned to France under the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748. In 1758 it was captured again by a British force and the fall of New France was confirmed a year later in 1759 with James Wolfe's victory at Quebec's Plains of Abraham.

The 60 square km area comprising Louisbourg and one bastion across the harbour was declared by the Canadian government to be a national historic park in 1940. Restoration of one-quarter of the site, including the key buildings, was completed by 1980.

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Additional Photos by John Cherrington (john_c) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4079 W: 52 N: 5746] (24666)
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