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Amirlatifi House
Located in Chaharshanbei neighborhood, Amirlatifi House is a two-story, south- facing construction, built on an area of 1000 square meters. The building consists of two parts: the main core of the building and the service parts.
The construction time of this building goes back to the late Qajar period and the boom time of the building was the early Pahlavi period.
The main building has two floors connected through two staircases. The plan of this building is north-south and east-west.
The first floor includes 3 three-door rooms which two corridors exist between them. These rooms are connected through small closets located below the staircases.
At the second floor there are three rooms too; 2 three-door rooms around and one five-door room or the guest room in the middle. All the rooms in this building are identical and symmetrical. The substratum is of rubble and Lime mortar.
Architectural features of Amirlatifi building
Even with a short look at the map of Amirlatifi house one can rightly understand that this building is created by an innovative thought, beautiful tenet and architectural harmony.
Consideration of Proportionality and principles of symmetry indicates that the architect of this building has not just taught of constructing a place to live, but he aimed at building something beyond that.
Regarding the place of this building in the humid and moderate territory of Iran, the architect has considered both the country's north architect characteristics and Islamic architecture attributes.
Use of lots of openings and terraces around the building indicates enjoying graceful weather, wind and the country's north favorable breeze.
Also, the materials used in this building have been chosen very well regarding the climate in the region. Moreover, the use of wood -due to its abundance in the northern forest areas -has added to the beauty of the work and made it lighter and more resistant to earthquake as well.
One of the characteristics of Islamic architecture is to avoid futility, and to have order and coordination. Here, the architect of this work has done it very well and has been able to create a beautiful work by creating an exact order in all doors, stairs, walls, etc.
Furthermore, another feature of Islamic architecture is to use proper modules in constructing buildings which it has be done very well in this work; So that the thickness of the side walls of the building is the same all around the building. This indicates that a complete design along with a specified plan and a beautiful map and accurate modeling has been considered before constructing this building.

Geometry form in traditional architecture and symmetry
The architect has done his best to create a beautiful structure by using geometric principles and symmetry and yet, usable and practical.
Geometric principals in this structure are taken from circles and squares .this includes openings. Coordination in geometric shapes of these openings is quite visible; so that eyes are not focused on a specific point and are continuously looking around.
By synthesizing semicircular and rectangular shapes in openings, the architect has tried to draw our attention to crescent arches and arches and zigzag, and has created a sense of harmony.
The openings on the module are ordered symmetrically and in front of each other.
This proportion is considered both in the first and the second floor.
At the top of the house, a beautiful combination of zigzag arches can be seen which adds to the beauty of the structure. The semicircular arch is decorative and semi-load bearing. Load baring Semicircular arch is not the same "تیز و شاخ بزی" arches.

Considering the plan we can find the principles of symmetry in all parts of the plan, including rooms, openings, the stairs, etc; so that all the arches and openings are in front of each other. The size of openings and the distance between them is equal.
This coordination and balance shows that the architect has implemented the plan with precision and great care.

Leo71538, Vasa, Graal, nobuikehonda, delpeoples, kordinator, Cricri, aliabazari has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by saber monajati (sabermonajati) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1423 W: 63 N: 886] (11533)
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