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Guadix, a city of southern Spain, in the province of Granada; on the left bank of the river Guadix, a sub-tributary of the Guadiana Menor, and on the Madrid-Valdepeñas-Almería railway.
Guadix occupies part of an elevated plateau among the northern foothills of the Sierra Nevada. It is surrounded by ancient walls, and was formerly dominated by a Moorish castle, now in ruins. It is an episcopal see of great antiquity, and its cathedral, built between the 16th and 18th century on the site of a mosque, combines three architectural styles (Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque).
The city was once famous for its cutlery; but its modern manufactures (chiefly earthenware, hempen goods, and hats) are inconsiderable. It has some trade in wool, cotton, flax, corn and liqueurs. The warm mineral springs of Graena, much frequented during the summer, are 6 miles west.
The most famous feature of the town is the cave dwellings in the Barrio Troglodyte (this picture) where upwards of half the population live. These caves are in no way primitive dwellings and are a solution to the fierce heat of the Andalucian summer.

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Additional Photos by Franco Degani (degani) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 216 W: 0 N: 305] (3011)
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