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Photographer's Note

The Former Capital

Here’s a photo of the fortified city of Mdina (Maltese: L-Imdina, also known as Cittā Vecchia or Cittā Notabile), located on a plateau roughly in the middle of Malta.

Mdina was the capital of Malta from antiquity, through medieval times until 1530, when first Birgu and later Valletta took over. The city of Mdina still only consists of the town within the city walls and has only got 300 inhabitants, but is surrounded by the town of Rabat (whose name is derived from the Arabic word for suburb). Mdina was founded in the 8th century BCE by Phoenician settlers, who called it Maleth, before the Romans took over and renamed it Melita. It got its current name during the Byzantine occupation of Malta. Also after the city had lost its title as capital, it remained the centre for the Maltese nobility and religion.

Seen here are the fortifications of Mdina (Maltese: Is-Swar tal-Imdina), which were built between the 16th and 18th centuries by the Order of St. John. The gate is simply called Mdina Gate (Maltese: Il-Bieb tal-Imdina, also called Main Gate or Vilhena Gate). It was built in 1724 in the Baroque style. The gate has been posted here before (for example by Malgo) and I added my version of that photo to the WS as well.

Click here for a larger version.

Exif Data:
Make: SONY
Model: DSC-HX400V
Software: PaintShop Pro 16,00
Exposure Time: 1/1000 sec
F-Stop: f/3.5
ISO Speed Ratings: 80
Focal Length: 1335/100 mm
Date Taken: 2019-01-02 10:54
Metering Mode: Pattern
Flash: Flash did not fire, auto mode
File Size: 1833 kb

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Additional Photos by Lars Zwemmer (Tue) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 11118 W: 57 N: 19198] (71882)
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