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Photographer's Note

Ocriculum - The spa
One of the most important archaeological sites in Umbria today is the one corresponding to the ancient center of Ocriculum. The original Umbrian settlement stood on the hill where the present country is now located, was transferred, probably at the end of the Republican age, to the plain below, near a large bend of the Tiber, on which the city's port developed. The commercial relations with Rome were intense, thanks to the nearby river port on the Tiber, called "porto dell'Olio" and to the Via Flaminia.
The Roman city, not enclosed by walls, was crossed by the ancient Via Flaminia, flanked before its entrance into the urban area, by funerary monuments.
The first regular excavations conducted during the pontificate of Pius VI led to the exploration of many monumental buildings, such as the Basilica and the Baths and the numerous works of art found (mosaics, sculptures, inscriptions ...) were transported to the Vatican Museums; in particular the colossal head of Jupiter 58 cm high, transported to Rome by river. The baths are the only ancient monument mentioned by epigraphic sources, with regard to construction, restoration and enlargements. Built in the 2nd century AD they were restored and enlarged in 341 d.C. and restored again in the late 4th or 5th century AD They arise on a flat, artificial area, arranged and leveled in Roman times with works that have allowed to channel the waters of the Rio San Vittore into an underground channel. The so-called octagonal room, preserved in part, built in cement works, covered with a brick curtain, is now visible. The four major sides are alternated with four smaller ones on which niches, doors and the main entrance open. The cover is of the "shell" type.
From this room comes the polychrome mosaic, now kept in the Vatican's Sala Rotonda, depicting a jellyfish in the middle and in two sections divided into eight sectors scenes with the struggle of centaurs and Greeks. In the rear part of the back wall of the octagonal room, better preserved, few traces of two rooms open with barrel vaults remain. Next to the octagonal room is a 9 m round room. of diameter in opus latericium, on whose external wall there are traces of cocciopesto coating.
For building, architectural and mosaics techniques, the baths date back to the second half of the 2nd century AD, with restorations from the later period.

Fis2, papagolf21, ikeharel, snunney, ChrisJ, holmertz, pierrefonds, jhm, mcmtanyel has marked this note useful

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 16660 W: 130 N: 34416] (191437)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2018-10-21
  • Categories: Architecture
  • Exposure: f/0.9, 30 seconds
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2018-10-22 0:31
Viewed: 462
Points: 40
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Additional Photos by Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 16660 W: 130 N: 34416] (191437)
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