Photos

Photographer's Note

CASTEL GANDOLFO (ROME)
The Pope's summer residence (Residenza Papale in Italian) is a 17th century building designed by Carlo Maderno for Pope Urban VIII. The papal palace, and the adjoining Villa Barberini that was added to the complex by Pius XI have enjoyed extraterritorial rights since the signature of the 1929 treaty with Italy; the little piazza directly in front was renamed Piazza della Libertà in the first flush of Italian unity after 1870. The papal palace remained unused from 1870 until 1929. Popes Pius XII (1958) and Paul VI (1978) died at Castel Gandolfo.
The site of the papal palace, rebuilt on the ruins of the former castle, partly occupies the foundations of a summer residence of the Emperor Domitian that occupied 14 km² (5.4 square miles). The residence was designed by the famous architect Rabirius. In the palace's inner courtyard is a Roman bust depicting Polyphemus, the Cyclops from whose cave Ulysses escaped; it was found in the nymphaeum of the Imperial villa's gardens, an artificially constructed grotto of the crater lake's outlet.





CASTEL GANDOLFO (ROMA)

Castel Gandolfo fu meta di villeggiatura di molti papi fino a Urbano VIII, che vi fece iniziare la costruzione del palazzo papale. Quest'ultimo fu successivamente ampliato e divenne la residenza estiva dei pontefici fino al 1870, quando con la fine dello stato pontificio i papi abbandonarono tutte le altre residenze per "rinchiudersi" in Vaticano in aperta protesta contro lo stato italiano. Nel 1929, con la nascita dello Stato della Città del Vaticano, le ville papali di Castel Gandolfo furono dichiarate dominio extraterrioriale pontificio e proprio con Papa Pio XI il palazzo apostolico di Castel Gandolfo ritornò ad essere la residenza estiva dei papi. Attualmente insieme ai giardini della Villa Cybo e della Villa Barberini forma il complesso delle ville pontificie, che si estende per circa 55 ettari.
WIKIPEDIA

Photo Information
Viewed: 3379
Points: 56
Discussions
Additional Photos by Giorgio Clementi (Clementi) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3694 W: 437 N: 9370] (52514)
View More Pictures
explore TREKEARTH