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In 1326/27, this toll castle was built because of the dispute over the Rhine toll between the Pope and King Ludwig of Bavaria. The King, who belonged to the Wittelsbach family of Counts Palatine, had made some dangerous enemies by raising the toll in Kaub. Three times, Pope John XXII called upon the archbishops of Cologne, Treves, and Mainz to excommunicate Ludwig and take action against the Kaub toll, but his calls were ignored. Instead, King Ludwig ordered that a tower be built on the rocky island of Falkenau in the middle of the Rhine, a construction that would enable him to control the waterway on the right side of the river. Between approximately 1338 and 1342, a defensive wall was built around the tower.

Shaped like a boat, with its rich variety of roof and oriel structures, Pfalzgrafenstein possesses a picturesque charm, while its position on the river and its carefully planned design make the well-preserved castle even more unique. As the result of modernisation measures and renovations in 1607 and then in the 18th century, a long, hexagonal defensive wall now encloses the pentagonal tower, and a portcullis secures the northeastern entrance. In 1970/71, the baroque colour scheme of red and white was restored. /www.welterbe-mittelrheintal.de/

In the background you can see the Castle Gutenfels. By clicking on map function left you can recall a satellite photo.

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Additional Photos by Laszlo Koenig (Jakab) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 449 W: 213 N: 1282] (3867)
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