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Photographer's Note

This is castle Pfalzgrafenstein on an island in the middle of Rhein river near the small town Kaub. It is one of the three never destroyed castles in the upper Middle Rhine Valley - a World Heritage Site of UNESCO.
In 1326/27 a tower was erected on the island by king Ludwig the Bavarian (Ludwig der Bayer). The custom office then was in Kaub on the right (eastern) bank of Rhine and by this tower on the island ships could be forced to pay the customs there. A chain across the river forced ships to submit, and uncooperative traders could be kept in the dungeon until a ransom was delivered.
Around the tower, a defensive hexagonal wall was built between 1338 to 1340. In 1477 Pfalzgrafenstein was passed as deposit to the Count of Katzenelnboen. Later additions were made in 1607 and 1755, consisting of corner turrets, the gun bastion pointing upstream, and the characteristic baroque tower cap.

The island of the castle was used for the Rhine crossing by 60,000 Prussian troops under field marshal Blücher in the winter of 1814 in his pursuit of Napoleon.
The castle was acquired by Prussia in 1866, and toll collections ceased in 1867. It continued to be used as a signal station for the river boat traffic for about another century. In 1946, the castle became property of the State of Rheinland-Pfalz. The State eventually turned "the Pfalz" into a museum and restored the color scheme of the baroque period.

The French poet Victor Hugo called it "a ship of stone, eternally afloat upon the Rhine, and eternally lying at anchor before the town of Pfalzgrafen" ...


Using the map view function left hand you can see the situation of this castle very well.
In the workshop you can see it from another angle.
In my yesterday photo you can see the situation of this small island.

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Additional Photos by Frank Kaiser (Buin) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4253 W: 48 N: 10771] (42580)
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