Photographer's Note

Wooden hull of a trawler fishing inshore.

The planking is a piece of the structure of a ship. When a ship is built of wood, the plating is one piece which together form the shell. The shell is the outer hull as it tries to make it as watertight as possible. A series of planks laid end to end lengthwise called a strake.
The thickness and type of planks vary according to their location between the keel and the top of the wall shell. The types of plating were selected by shipwrights for their different advantages and disadvantages, in conjunction with the wood species used (oak, elm, fir europe, teak, etc.).
Examples of planks or lined:
· Carvel planking.
· Planking rabbet.
· Plank lap.
The planks are mounted on pairs (ribs) on the outside by nailing or riveting. seal between each plank shell whose association is called a seam is provided by the caulking work performed by workers or seamen called caulkers.

The caulking is the action that is to fill all joints and gaps between the planks on the exterior cladding of the shell (curling) and Bridge to make it waterproof.
This was done traditionally with a mixture of fiber (or gland) and a coating made of asphalt or coal tar pitch, force applied by the boatswain, striking with a hammer to specific tools (chisel, iron to caulker, etc..). This work was long and painful but it depended on the tightness of the hull plating which, battered by the movements of the sea, tended to "play" and let in water.
The caulking was repeated during renovation operations of the hull.

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Additional Photos by Valerie Leconte (Leconte) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 716 W: 58 N: 1031] (5795)
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