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Great emka 2020-06-04 23:31

Hello Jorge,

Henryk Siemiradzki was a Polish painter. He painted mainly monumental works like this. One of his most famous works is the curtain in the theatre in Krakow, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henryk_Siemiradzki#/media/File:Siemiradzki_Curtain_design_for_the_S%C5%82owacki_Theatre.jp

It is a less known fact that another work by Siemiradzki, Phryne at the Poseidonia in Eleusis, inaugurated the existence of the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg. The painting depicts the Greek courtesan Phryne playing the part of Aphrodite emerging from bath in front of a crowd of people, and it was designed to perfectly portray timeless beauty. It was exhibited in St. Petersburg in 1889, arousing tremendous admiration among the public, as a result of which Tsar Alexander III purchased the canvas by for a staggering sum of 50,000 rubles in gold.

Phryne became a pride of the tsarís collection, which comprised contemporary Russian art and was the cornerstone of the Museum of Art established by Tsar Nicholas II in 1895. In this way, Phryne by Henryk Siemiradzki, alongside Ilia Riepin's work Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of the Ottoman Empire, purchased in 1891, became the epitome of the Russian national school not only in painting but also in art. The work can be seen today at the State Russian Museum in St. Petersburg, in St. Michaelís Castle.

Nice presentation of this great picture.
Best regards MAlgo
PS. Funny that the umbrellas look similar like these in Bali :).

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Old 06-05-2020, 08:36 AM
jmdias jmdias is offline
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malgo

he was polish by blood and heritage, but his father was working to russia and he was born in part of the russian empire, I presume this was the reason he was included inside the Russian art collection. thank you for your additional information.

take care

jorge
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Old 06-05-2020, 09:36 AM
emka emka is offline
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Hi,
The Partitions of Poland[ were three partitions of the Polish-Lithuianian Commonweath that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years. The partitions were conducted by the Habsburg Monarchy (Austria), the Kingdom of Prussia, and the Russian Empire.
So, in 19. Century there was no Polish state. Warsaw for instance was under tsar's rule.
Best regards Malgo

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